What is the main function of epithelial tissue

Several internal organs, such as the liver, kidneys, and lungs as well as other internal structures, like some glands, are primarily made up of epithelial tissue. All epithelia is usually separated from underlying tissues by an extracellular fibrous basement membrane. The cells here may possess microvilli for maximising the surface area for absorption and these microvilli may form a brush border.

Transitional cells have the ability to change their shape which allows more urine to flow through.

What is the main function of epithelial tissue?

Small amounts are found in the pharynx, male urethra, and lining of some glandular ducts. This specialization makes the epithelium waterproof, so is found in the mammalian skin. Polarity— all epithelia have an apical surface and a lower attached basal surface that differ in structure and function.

This consists of a layer of cells resting on at least one other layer of epithelial cells which can be squamous, cuboidal, or columnar.

One function of connective tissue is to link the structures of locomotion. The shape of the nucleus usually corresponds to the cell form and helps to identify the type of epithelium. Goblet cells are modified columnar cells and are found between the columnar epithelial cells of the duodenum.

Sensation Neuroepithelium is a specialized type of epitheliun with a large sensory nerve supply allowing it to provide sensations such as: The four major classes of simple epithelium are: These nuclei are pyknoticmeaning that they are highly condensed. All epithelial cells have six sides but they vary in height.

The function of the Epithelial tissue can be:: Connective tissue also contributes to energy storage, as adipose tissue or fat is a form of connective tissue, as well as immune function, as many types of immune cells, such as those that create scar tissueare forms of connective tissue.

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Tight junctions are a pair of trans-membrane protein fused on outer plasma membrane. Tight junctions form the closest contact between cells and help keep proteins in the apical region of the plasma membrane.

What are the functions of epithelial tissue. This membrane provides structural support for the epithelial tissue. Other cells may be ciliated to move mucus in the function of mucociliary clearance.

Other epithelia have motile cilia hairlike projections that push substances along their free surface.

Cells by the apical surface vary in appearance depending if the organ is stretched at the time. These proteins are not found in epithelial or connective tissue so they cannot contract.

Next to the basal surface is the basal lamina thin supporting sheet. Their different shapes are squamouswhich is thin and flat. Gap junctions connect the cytoplasm of two cells and are made up of proteins called connexins six of which come together to make a connexion.

What Is the Function of Epithelial Tissue?

The basement membrane reinforces the epithelium and helps it resist stretching and tearing. Their different layering arrangements consist of simplewhich is made of one layer of cells.

Secretion Some epithelial tissue is specialized to produce secretions. Stratified columnar epithelium is rare but is found in lobar ducts in the salivary glandsthe eyepharynx and sex organs. A good example of internal epithelial tissue is the lungs, which allow oxygen to enter the blood stream.


Epithelial tissue is usually separated from other tissues by a type of membrane called a basement membrane that is formed by secretions of the epithelial cells themselves. Muscle tissue is similar to connective tissue in that it is fibrous, but it is made up of units within muscle cells known as sarcomeres that are designed to expand and contract, allowing the tissue to change in length, and it metabolizes nutrients much differently than connective tissue.

Tissue Membranes. A tissue membrane is a thin layer or sheet of cells that covers the outside of the body (for example, skin), the organs (for example, pericardium), internal passageways that lead to the exterior of the body (for example, abdominal mesenteries), and the lining of the moveable joint cavities.

There are two basic types of tissue membranes: connective tissue and epithelial. Epithelial Tissue Function Epithelial tissue covers the outside of the body and lines organs, vessels (blood and lymph), and cavities. Epithelial cells form the thin layer of cells known as the endothelium, which is contiguous with the inner tissue lining of organs such as the brain, lungs, skin, and heart.

The function of epithelial tissue include: transportation of materials, protection of underlying tissues, absorption of water and nutrients and secretion of waste products. Aug 17,  · The epithelial tissue is one of the four main types of tissue structures of the human body, along with muscle tissue, nerve tissue and connective tissue.

Tissues are cellular organizations with similar specializations/5(9). Epithelial tissue is composed of cells laid together in sheets with the cells tightly connected to one another.

Epithelial layers are avascular, but innervated. Epithelial cells have two surfaces that differ in both structure and function. Oct 27,  · Epithelial tissue, also called epithelium, is one of the four main types of tissue found in animals, including humans.

It completely covers, or lines, all external body surfaces as well as nearly all internal body surfaces.

What is the main function of epithelial tissue
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What is the function of Epithelial tissue